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Hip Dysplasia

At Home Base Physical Therapy in Greater Morristown, NJ our physical therapists specialize in treating pediatrics. More specifically, they specialize in treating conditions related to infants and toddlers.

Hip Displasia is one of these conditions.  If you are worried about the potential of your child having Hypotonia, call 973.936.8566 or click here to schedule an appointment today.

What is Hip Dysplasia?

Hip dysplasia occurs when the hip joint doesn’t form correctly during a child’s development. This can lead to instability and potentially painful movement as the child grows. It’s essential to detect and treat hip dysplasia early to prevent further complications such as osteoarthritis later in life.

Hip dysplasia can be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Factors such as breech positioning in the womb, family history of hip dysplasia, and certain swaddling techniques can increase the risk of developing this condition.

Symptoms of hip dysplasia can vary depending on the severity of the condition but may include:

– Limited range of motion in the hip joint
– Clicking or popping sounds when moving the hip
– Asymmetrical thigh folds or leg length discrepancy
– Difficulty walking or running
– Hip pain or discomfort, especially during physical activity


Diagnosis of Hip Dysplasia

Diagnosing hip dysplasia typically involves a combination of physical examination, imaging tests such as X-rays or ultrasound, and assessment of the child’s medical history. Early detection is crucial for effective treatment and management.

Treatment Options:
Treatment for hip dysplasia may vary depending on the child’s age, the severity of the condition, and other individual factors. Options may include:

– Pavlik harness: A specialized device worn to help stabilize the hip joint in infants.
– Hip abduction brace: Similar to the Pavlik harness, this brace helps maintain proper alignment of the hip joint.
– Surgery: In severe cases or when other treatments fail, surgical intervention may be necessary to correct the hip dysplasia.

Role of Pediatric Physical Therapy:

Physical therapy plays a vital role in the treatment and management of hip dysplasia. A pediatric physical therapist can develop a customized treatment plan to help improve strength, flexibility, and overall function of the affected hip joint. Treatment may include:

– Gentle stretching exercises to improve range of motion
– Strengthening exercises to stabilize the hip joint
– Functional activities to promote proper movement patterns
– Education for parents on positioning techniques and activities to support their child’s development

Hip dysplasia is a treatable condition, especially when detected and managed early. With the help of pediatric physical therapy and other interventions, children with hip dysplasia can achieve improved mobility, function, and quality of life. If you suspect your child may have hip dysplasia, consult with a pediatrician or pediatric physical therapist for evaluation and guidance.